Gender and Assimilation Among Mexican Americans

69 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2012 Last revised: 20 Jun 2012

See all articles by Francine D. Blau

Francine D. Blau

Cornell University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: August 2005

Abstract

Using 1994-2003 CPS data, we study gender and assimilation of Mexican Americans. Sourcecountry patterns, particularly the more traditional gender division of labor in the family in Mexico,strongly influence the outcomes and behavior of Mexican immigrants. On arrival in the UnitedStates, immigrant women have a higher incidence of marriage (spouse present), higher fertility, andmuch lower labor supply than comparable white natives; wage differences are smaller than laborsupply differences, and smaller than comparable wage gaps for men. Immigrant women's laborsupply assimilates dramatically: the ceteris paribus immigrant shortfall is virtually eliminated aftertwenty years. While men experience moderate wage assimilation, evidence is mixed for women.Rising education in the second generation considerably reduces raw labor supply (especially forwomen) and wage gaps with nonhispanic whites. Female immigrants' high marriage rates assimilatetowards comparable natives', but immigrant women and men remain more likely to be married evenafter long residence. The remaining ceteris paribus marriage gap is eliminated in the secondgeneration. Immigrants' higher fertility does not assimilate toward the native level, and, while thesize of the Mexican American- white native fertility differential declines across generations, it is noteliminated.

Suggested Citation

Blau, Francine D. and Kahn, Lawrence M., Gender and Assimilation Among Mexican Americans (August 2005). NBER Working Paper No. w11512. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2085123

Francine D. Blau (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-4381 (Phone)
607-255-4496 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/directory/fdb4/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstra├če 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-0510 (Phone)
607-255-4496 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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