Female Labour Force Participation and Child Education in India: The Effect of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

55 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2012

See all articles by Farzana Afridi

Farzana Afridi

Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi

Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay

Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi - Delhi Centre

Soham Sahoo

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore

Abstract

We study the impact of India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) on children's educational outcomes via women's labour force participation. Using data from the Young Lives Study and taking advantage of the spatial and temporal variation in the intensity of implementation of the NREGS, we find that greater participation of mothers in the program is associated with better educational outcomes of their children. Father's participation in the NREGS, on the other hand, has a negative effect on children's education. Further, the estimated impact of mother's program participation is over and above any income effect induced by the scheme and is robust to concerns about endogeneity of labour force participation and differences in economic trends between districts. We provide evidence which suggests that the mechanism through which children's educational outcomes improve is empowerment of mothers resulting from better labour market opportunities for females.

Keywords: labour, education, gender, bargaining

JEL Classification: I21, I38, J16

Suggested Citation

Afridi, Farzana and Mukhopadhyay, Abhiroop and Sahoo, Soham, Female Labour Force Participation and Child Education in India: The Effect of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6593, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2085180

Farzana Afridi (Contact Author)

Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi ( email )

7, S.J.S. Sansanwal Marg
New Delhi
India

Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay

Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi - Delhi Centre ( email )

7 S .J. S.
Sansanwal Marg
New Delhi, 110016
India

Soham Sahoo

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore ( email )

Bannerghatta Main Road, Bilekahalli
Bengaluru, Karnatak 560076
India

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