Can Value-Added Measures of Teacher Performance Be Trusted?

42 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2012

See all articles by Cassandra M. Guarino

Cassandra M. Guarino

Michigan State University - College of Education

Mark D. Reckase

Michigan State University

Jeff Wooldridge

Michigan State University - Department of Economics

Abstract

We investigate whether commonly used value-added estimation strategies can produce accurate estimates of teacher effects. We estimate teacher effects in simulated student achievement data sets that mimic plausible types of student grouping and teacher assignment scenarios. No one method accurately captures true teacher effects in all scenarios, and the potential for misclassifying teachers as high- or low-performing can be substantial. Misspecifying dynamic relationships can exacerbate estimation problems. However, some estimators are more robust across scenarios and better suited to estimating teacher effects than others.

Keywords: education, teacher labor markets, value-added, student achievement

JEL Classification: I20, J08, J24, J44, J45

Suggested Citation

Guarino, Cassandra M. and Reckase, Mark D. and Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., Can Value-Added Measures of Teacher Performance Be Trusted?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6602. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2085189

Cassandra M. Guarino (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

East Lansing, MI
United States

Mark D. Reckase

Michigan State University

Jeffrey M. Wooldridge

Michigan State University - Department of Economics ( email )

#211 Marshall Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1038
United States
517+353-5972 (Phone)

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