Asymmetric Democracy in Indonesia: Democracy Without Governor Direct Election
9 Pages Posted: 20 Jun 2012
Date Written: May 11, 2012
These paper goals criticise the terms of democracy, particularly in the implementation of direct election and give the example that direct election cannot be implemented without paying attention at the local contexts. This paper shows the conflict between the central and local government in dealing with the changing of the Yogyakarta’s Governor.
Democracy suggests that a government should be governed by people supports and dealt with people demands. Also, voting system and electoral participation create the legitimating government. Many countries claim that they are democratic government. As a result, the government should conduct a direct election. However, it can be just a jargon, and they are trapped on a procedural democracy. People cannot participate on creating government policies. Democracy mostly constructs irrational voters, and the government is controlled by the elite so the people still poor and less access.
Accordingly, the above theories, democracy should rely on its community context and cannot be generalized. This paper gives a practical example of the asymmetric democracy that executed in Yogyakarta Special Province (TSP). In Indonesia, there is a regular election on every five years. In this event, the Yogyakarta people vote who is their local (district, province), the national senator members and the President, but they do not elect their Governor. Their Governor is their Crowned King. Because of implementing the democracy belief, the Central government proposes the YSP people to elect their governor. This idea reveals many debates both in national level and Regional level. As a result, this paper describes the discourses on Governor Election in YSP and emphasizes the YSP people needs. The last part suggests the asymmetric democracy that can be implemented as a solution on the political crisis in Yogyakarta.
Keywords: Democracy, Participation, Direct Election, Asymmetric democracy
JEL Classification: D7, J18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation