An Empirical Analysis of Determinants of Migration among University Graduates in Albania

16 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2012

See all articles by Esmeralda Shehaj

Esmeralda Shehaj

University of Tirana - Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics

Sulo Haderi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abdulmenaf Sejdini

South East European University (SEEU)

Date Written: April 1, 2011

Abstract

The high rates of international migration among the Albanians were also associated by migration of the skilled and highly-skilled driven mainly by economic reasons. This phenomena known as the “brain drain” has recently been one of the most common concerns in Albania, but despite the vast theoretical literature on the consequences of brain drain for developing countries, and the possibility of brain gain, the dedicated research on this topic has been very scarce, especially on the determinants of the brain drain. Regarding this latter topic, a few decades ago the key question was posed by Portes (1976) at the individual level, why do some highly skilled individuals within a country leave, while others stay. Moreover, amongst those who go, why do some return? Such an analysis may provide a first step towards understanding the potential of international migration of the (highly) skilled, the characteristics of the future skilled migrants and the factors that influence their migration decisions. Furthermore, it will help to provide more practical and detailed policy tools.

This paper addresses the answer to the first question attempting to explain what determines international migration of the Albanian university graduates. The evidence is drawn from a new survey designed to study the individual level micro and macro-economic determinants of the brain drain. The study is focused on a sample of 1210 last year students of 14 public and private universities in 8 cities in Albania. The survey asks detailed questions on intentions to migrate and return on a range of different push and pull factors and their importance. These factors include individual and family characteristics, migration experience and networks, destination countries, as well as aims, incentives and barriers to international migration at the micro and macro level. Using these data we measure the probability of international migration of the most educated individuals in our country, and examine which characteristics predict their migration. Our results suggest that the determinants of intentions to migrate are of individual, family and macro nature.

Keywords: student mobility, migration, intentions to migrate, brain drain

Suggested Citation

Shehaj, Esmeralda and Haderi, Sulo and Sejdini, Abdulmenaf, An Empirical Analysis of Determinants of Migration among University Graduates in Albania (April 1, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2097348 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2097348

Esmeralda Shehaj (Contact Author)

University of Tirana - Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics ( email )

Rruga e Elbasanit
Tirana, Tirana
Albania

HOME PAGE: http://www.fakultetiekonomise.edu.al

Sulo Haderi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abdulmenaf Sejdini

South East European University (SEEU)

Ilindenska nn
Tetovo, 1200
Macedonia

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