Strategic Interactions in Public R&D Across EU-15 Countries: A Spatial Econometric Analysis
GATE Working Paper No. 1223
28 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2012
Date Written: August 2012
The aim of this paper is to test the presence of strategic interactions in government spending on Research and Development (R&D), among EU-15 countries. We add to the literature on public choice strategic interactions in general, and to work on R&D spending in particular. We take account of traditional and some rather overlooked factors related to countries’ public R&D spending, including (i) the international context - i.e. Lisbon strategy; (ii) country characteristics - the National System of Innovation; (iii) national similarities in relation to (a) trade and economic size and (b) sectoral specialization. Sectoral specialization is likely to affect government spending, depending on the mechanisms of complementarity or substitution between public and private R&D. Using a dynamic spatial panel model in which spatial matrices are specified in terms of traditional Euclidean distance, and sectoral specialization proximity, we confirm the existence of strategic interactions in relation to R&D spending among European countries with similar economic, international trade and sectoral structure perspectives. Unlike the results for strategic interactions in public choice, geographic proximity seems not to affect interactions related to public spending on R&D.
Keywords: Public R&D expenditures, National Systems of Innovation, complementarity public and private R&D, spatial interactions, EU countries, spatial dynamic panel data
JEL Classification: H5, 03
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