Universal Health Care and Informal Labor Markets: The Case of Thailand

38 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Adam Wagstaff

Adam Wagstaff

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Wanwiphang Manachotphong

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 1, 2012

Abstract

This paper explores the possibility that universal health coverage may inadvertently result in distorted labor market choices, with workers preferring informal employment over formal employment, leading to negative effects on investment and growth, as well as reduced protection against non-health risks and the income risks associated with ill health. It explores this hypothesis in the context of the Thai universal coverage scheme, which was rolled out in four waves over a 12-month period starting in April 2001. It identifies the effects of universal coverage through the staggered rollout, and gains statistical power by using no less than 68 consecutive labor force surveys, each containing an average of 62,000 respondents. The analysis finds that universal coverage appears to have encouraged employment especially among married women, to have reduced formal-sector employment among married men but not among other groups, and to have increased informal-sector employment especially among married women. The largest positive informal-sector employment effects are found in the agricultural sector.

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Labor Markets, Population Policies, Labor Policies, Access to Finance

Suggested Citation

Wagstaff, Adam and Manachotphong, Wanwiphang, Universal Health Care and Informal Labor Markets: The Case of Thailand (July 1, 2012). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6116. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2100293

Adam Wagstaff (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/awagstaff

Wanwiphang Manachotphong

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
92
Abstract Views
446
rank
278,198
PlumX Metrics