Alternative Paths to Parenthood: IVF or Child Adoption?
19 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2012
Date Written: July 2012
This article analyzes the effects of child adoption on the utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the United States. Using state‐level longitudinal data for 1999-2006, we show that ART use is responsive to changes in adoption markets. After controlling for state‐specific fixed effects, our estimates reveal that a 10% increase in adoptions leads to a 1.3%-1.5% decrease in the number of ART cycles performed. The responsiveness is higher when we consider infant adoptions, adoptions by older women, and international adoptions, while there is no substitutability between ART and adoption of related children.
JEL Classification: I11, J13, J18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation