Alternative Paths to Parenthood: IVF or Child Adoption?

19 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2012

See all articles by Gulcin Gumus

Gulcin Gumus

Florida International University (FIU); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jungmin Lee

Seoul National University

Date Written: July 2012

Abstract

This article analyzes the effects of child adoption on the utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the United States. Using state‐level longitudinal data for 1999-2006, we show that ART use is responsive to changes in adoption markets. After controlling for state‐specific fixed effects, our estimates reveal that a 10% increase in adoptions leads to a 1.3%-1.5% decrease in the number of ART cycles performed. The responsiveness is higher when we consider infant adoptions, adoptions by older women, and international adoptions, while there is no substitutability between ART and adoption of related children.

JEL Classification: I11, J13, J18

Suggested Citation

Gumus, Gulcin and Lee, Jungmin, Alternative Paths to Parenthood: IVF or Child Adoption? (July 2012). Economic Inquiry, Vol. 50, Issue 3, pp. 802-820, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2100672 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2011.00401.x

Gulcin Gumus (Contact Author)

Florida International University (FIU) ( email )

University Park
11200 SW 8th Street
Miami, FL 33199
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jungmin Lee

Seoul National University ( email )

Kwanak-gu
Seoul, 151-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
2
Abstract Views
356
PlumX Metrics