Foreigners vs. Natives: Bank Lending Technologies and Loan Pricing
Management Science, Forthcoming
55 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2012 Last revised: 30 Oct 2016
Date Written: September 2, 2016
Can distance-related information asymmetries in credit markets be overcome with contract design and credit scoring models? To answer this question, we explore differences in foreign and domestic banks’ credit contract terms and pricing models. Using a sample of firms that borrow from both domestic and foreign banks in the same month, we show that foreign banks are more likely to demand collateral and grant shorter maturity loans than domestic banks. Foreign banks also base their pricing on internal credit ratings and collateral pledges, while domestic banks price according to the length, depth and breadth of their relationship with a firm. These findings confirm that foreign banks can overcome informational disadvantages using contract design and credit scoring models. However, we also show that there are limitations, with foreign banks facing higher default rates and lower returns on lending if not using collateral and short maturity as disciplining tools.
Keywords: Bank Financing, Foreign Ownership, Lending Technologies, Loan Pricing
JEL Classification: G21, G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation