Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2101302
 
 

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Selection and Market Reallocation: Productivity Gains from Multinational Production


Laura Alfaro


Harvard University - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit

Maggie Xiaoyang Chen


George Washington University

November 2016

Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 12-111

Abstract:     
Assessing productivity gains from multinational production has been a vital topic of economic research and policy debate. Positive productivity gains are often attributed to productivity spillovers; however, an alternative, much less emphasized channel is selection and market reallocation whereby competition leads to factor reallocation both within and between domestic firms and exits of the least productive firms. We investigate the roles of these different mechanisms in determining aggregate productivity gains using a unifying framework that explores the mechanisms’ distinct predictions on the distributions of domestic firms: Within-firm productivity improvement shifts the productivity distribution rightward while selection and market reallocation shifts the revenue and employment distributions leftward and raises left truncations. Using a rich cross-country firm panel dataset, we find significant evidence of both mechanisms and effects of competition in product, technology and labor space. However, selection and market reallocation account for the majority of aggregate productivity gains, suggesting that ignoring this channel could lead to substantial bias in understanding the nature of productivity gains from multinational production.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 50

Keywords: Productivity gains, multinational production, selection, market reallocation, and within-firm productivity

JEL Classification: F2, O1, O4


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Date posted: July 5, 2012 ; Last revised: December 2, 2016

Suggested Citation

Alfaro, Laura and Chen, Maggie Xiaoyang, Selection and Market Reallocation: Productivity Gains from Multinational Production (November 2016). Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 12-111. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2101302 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2101302

Contact Information

Laura Alfaro (Contact Author)
Harvard University - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit ( email )
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Maggie Xiaoyang Chen
George Washington University ( email )
710 21st Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States
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