Send in the Clones? Hedge Fund Replication Using Futures Contracts

Posted: 21 May 2019

Date Written: July 3, 2012


Replication products strive to offer investors some of the benefits of hedge funds while avoiding their high fees, illiquidity, and opacity. We test whether a replication algorithm can deliver the diversification and high Sharpe ratio that investors seek. Our procedure constructs monthly clone returns out-of-sample using fully collateralized futures positions held for one-month, with position sizes determined using rolling window regressions. Clone returns have high correlation with their hedge fund targets, indicating replication is possible. Clones also have high correlation with a buy-and-hold investment in stocks, however, and neither the targets nor their clones demonstrate successful time variation in factor loadings.

Keywords: Hedge fund, replication, market timing

JEL Classification: G23

Suggested Citation

Bollen, Nicolas P.B. and Fisher, Gregg S., Send in the Clones? Hedge Fund Replication Using Futures Contracts (July 3, 2012). Vanderbilt Owen Graduate School of Management Research Paper No. 2102593,, Available at SSRN: or

Nicolas P.B. Bollen (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University - Finance ( email )

401 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203
United States

Gregg S. Fisher

Quent Capital ( email )

1120 Avenue of the Americas
4th Floor
NEW YORK, NY 10036
United States
212-796-0707 (Phone)


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