The Study of International Law in the Spanish Short Nineteenth Century (1808-1898)
13 Chicago Kent Journal of International and Comparative Law 2013 pp. 121-150
30 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2012 Last revised: 19 Jan 2014
Date Written: 2013
This work, which is part of an on-going series on the rise and fall of the Vitorian tradition of International Law, examines the establishment in the early 1840s of the first chairs of international law in Europe against the background of the independence of the Latin-American Republics and relates the development of Spanish international law production during the first half of the nineteenth century. The second part follows the evolution of international legal studies in Spain until the year 1883, when chairs in Public International Law and Private International Law outside Madrid were established in seven other Spanish universities. The third part reviews the – albeit short-lived – first specialized international law journal ever established in Spain, and examines how Spanish production in the field was fostered by the professionalization reform of 1883. This part also deals with the Salamanca School’s parallel rediscovery in both Spain and Europe in the last third of the short Spanish nineteenth century. The impact that the revival of interest in Francisco de Vitoria had in providing Spanish international law academia with a quasi-national identity leads to some conclusions on its lasting legacy to the study of international law in the cradle of the first Empire in history on which the sun never set.
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