The Participation of Universities in Technology Development: Do Creation and Use Coincide? An Empirical Investigation on the Level of National Innovation Systems

53 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2012

See all articles by Reinhilde Veugelers

Reinhilde Veugelers

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Department of Applied Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Julie Callaert

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) - FEB

Xiaoyan Song

University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)

Bart Van Looy

KU Leuven - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 1, 2011

Abstract

Relying on patent information, we map the presence and impact of universities in technological landscapes across several major countries and fields. The creation of academic technology is examined by analysing patents applied for by universities. The ‘use’ of academically owned technologies is assessed through citations from industrially owned patents towards university patents. Considering simultaneously the creation and use of academic technology allows to assess to what extent the creation of academic technology coincides with its subsequent ‘use’ including the role played by geographic proximity in this respect. Our findings reveal a dominance of American universities in terms of creating academic technology, particularly in terms of highly cited academic patents. US firms dominate in terms of citing academic technologies. They limit themselves not to American universities. European and Asian countries vary considerably in terms of creation and use of academic technology and display a more outspoken ‘home bias’.

Keywords: entrepreneurial universities, academic patents, patent citations

JEL Classification: O30, O34

Suggested Citation

Veugelers, Reinhilde and Callaert, Julie and Song, Xiaoyan and Van Looy, Bart, The Participation of Universities in Technology Development: Do Creation and Use Coincide? An Empirical Investigation on the Level of National Innovation Systems (October 1, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2104152 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2104152

Reinhilde Veugelers (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

Leuven, B-3000
Belgium
+32 16 32 6908 (Phone)
+32 16 32 6732 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Julie Callaert

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KUL) - FEB ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
B-3000 Leuven, 3000
Belgium

Xiaoyan Song

University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) ( email )

96, Jinzhai Road
Hefei, Anhui 230026
China

Bart Van Looy

KU Leuven - Department of Economics ( email )

Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

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