43 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2012 Last revised: 31 Aug 2012
Date Written: July 12, 2012
We design a global refunding scheme as a new international approach to address climate change. Participating in the global refunding system requires an initial payment. It allows each country to set its carbon emission tax, while aggregate tax revenues are partially refunded to member countries in proportion to the relative emission reductions they achieve within a given period. The refunding scheme reduces the intertemporal climate change problem into a static public goods problem. In a simple model we show that a suitably designed global refunding scheme achieves the social global optimum, provided that all countries participate. We discuss several procedures to achieve initial participation.
Keywords: climate change mitigation, global refunding scheme, international agreements, incentive-compatible mechanisms
JEL Classification: H23, Q54, H41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Gersbach, Hans and Winkler, Ralph, Global Refunding and Climate Change (July 12, 2012). Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 36, No. 11, pp. 1775–1795, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2104215
By Richard Tol