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Advances in High Frequency Strategies

Doctoral Dissertation, Complutense University, Madrid, 2011

42 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2012 Last revised: 8 Aug 2015

Marcos Lopez de Prado

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Guggenheim Partners; Harvard University

Date Written: December 1, 2011


SEC and CFTC reports estimate that High Frequency strategies are responsible for about 60% of all transactions on U.S. shares. In Europe, this percentage is around 40% and growing. High Frequency strategies are those characterized by a brief holding period, which can range from a split second to a few hours. This enables traders to place numerous independent bets per day on an instrument or portfolio, profiting from the multiplicative effect postulated by the Fundamental Law of Active Management. The goal is to exploit inefficiencies derived from the market’s microstructure (rigidities, agents’ idiosyncrasies, asymmetric information, etc.). The generalization of electronic markets and ubiquitous automation of financial transactions has rendered many established models and theories obsolete. The objective of this work is to present a new scientific framework for the study of some of the most relevant questions concerning High Frequency.

Keywords: High Frequency Trading, Market Microstructure, Trading Strategies, Execution, Market Making, Risk Modeling, Portfolio Optimization

JEL Classification: C02, D52, D53, G14

Suggested Citation

Lopez de Prado, Marcos, Advances in High Frequency Strategies (December 1, 2011). Doctoral Dissertation, Complutense University, Madrid, 2011. Available at SSRN: or

Marcos Lopez de Prado (Contact Author)

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( email )

1 Cyclotron Road
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States


Guggenheim Partners ( email )

330 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States


Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States


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