Reforms to the Public Prosecutor Office in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: The Role of Justice Interest Groups
38 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2012 Last revised: 3 Jan 2015
Date Written: 2012
Reforms oriented towards enhancing the rule of law in emerging democracies in Latin America were first aimed at courts. More recently, increasing reform efforts have also been directed at public prosecution services, with specific attention to reducing the political use of criminal prosecution. The Public Prosecutor’s Office (PPO) is a crucial institution within the justice system; without its effective participation, justice cannot be served because the institution is the one in charge of advancing criminal actions. Drawing on archival analysis of the legislative debates at the time PPO reforms were approved, this paper compares national-level reforms to the PPO in Brazil, Chile and Mexico along two main dimensions: (1) criminal procedure; and (2) political autonomy. In doing so, I explain why formal reform outcomes varied in the three countries.
Keywords: Public profesecutor office, reforms, Brazil, Chile, Mexico
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