Reforms to the Public Prosecutor Office in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: The Role of Justice Interest Groups

38 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2012 Last revised: 3 Jan 2015

See all articles by Azul America Aguiar Aguilar

Azul America Aguiar Aguilar

Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente (ITESO)

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Reforms oriented towards enhancing the rule of law in emerging democracies in Latin America were first aimed at courts. More recently, increasing reform efforts have also been directed at public prosecution services, with specific attention to reducing the political use of criminal prosecution. The Public Prosecutor’s Office (PPO) is a crucial institution within the justice system; without its effective participation, justice cannot be served because the institution is the one in charge of advancing criminal actions. Drawing on archival analysis of the legislative debates at the time PPO reforms were approved, this paper compares national-level reforms to the PPO in Brazil, Chile and Mexico along two main dimensions: (1) criminal procedure; and (2) political autonomy. In doing so, I explain why formal reform outcomes varied in the three countries.

Keywords: Public profesecutor office, reforms, Brazil, Chile, Mexico

Suggested Citation

Aguiar Aguilar, Azul America, Reforms to the Public Prosecutor Office in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: The Role of Justice Interest Groups (2012). APSA 2012 Annual Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2106321

Azul America Aguiar Aguilar (Contact Author)

Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Occidente (ITESO) ( email )

Periférico Sur Manuel Gómez Morín 8585
Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, C.P. 45604
Mexico

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