Agricultural Adaptation to a Changing Climate: Economic and Environmental Implications Vary by U.S. Region

84 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2012

See all articles by Scott Malcolm

Scott Malcolm

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Elizabeth Marshall

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Marcel Aillery

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Paul Heisey

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Mike Livingston

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Kelly Day-Rubenstein

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Date Written: July 1, 2012

Abstract

Global climate models predict increases over time in average temperature worldwide, with significant impacts on local patterns of temperature and precipitation. The extent to which such changes present a risk to food supplies, farmer livelihoods, and rural communities depends in part on the direction, magnitude, and rate of such changes, but equally importantly on the ability of the agricultural sector to adapt to changing patterns of yield and productivity, production cost, and resource availability. Study findings suggest that, while impacts are highly sensitive to uncertain climate projections, farmers have considerable flexibility to adapt to changes in local weather, resource conditions, and price signals by adjusting crops, rotations, and production practices. Such adaptation, using existing crop production technologies, can partially mitigate the impacts of climate change on national agricultural markets. Adaptive redistribution of production, however, may have significant implications for both regional land use and environmental quality.

Keywords: climate change, adaptation, water resources, agricultural pests, Regional Environment and Agriculture Programming (REAP) model, regional crop mix, regional environmental effects, drought tolerance, pest management

Suggested Citation

Malcolm, Scott and Marshall, Elizabeth and Aillery, Marcel and Heisey, Paul and Livingston, Michael J. and Day-Rubenstein, Kelly, Agricultural Adaptation to a Changing Climate: Economic and Environmental Implications Vary by U.S. Region (July 1, 2012). USDA-ERS Economic Research Report No. 136. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2112045 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2112045

Scott Malcolm (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5517 (Phone)

Elizabeth Marshall

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
(202) 694-5571 (Phone)

Marcel Aillery

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5511 (Phone)

Paul Heisey

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5526 (Phone)

Michael J. Livingston

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

1400 Independence Ave SW
Mail Stop 1800
Washington, DC 20250-1800
United States
202-694-5543 (Phone)
202-245-4847 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ers.usda.gov/AboutERS/Bios/view.asp?ID=mlivingston

Kelly Day-Rubenstein

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5515 (Phone)

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
144
rank
190,639
Abstract Views
1,608
PlumX Metrics