An Examination of Inventory Costing Convergence under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and International Financial Reporting Standards
Journal of International Business Research, 2012, Forthcoming
22 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2012
Accounting principles in the United States are converging toward international standards. If convergence continues, and there are proponents and detractors, then the U.S. system of accounting, called Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), will eventually be replaced by International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Convergence has profound implications for publicly traded companies and their many stakeholders such as investors, lenders, government agencies, and employees. A key issue facing accounting standard-setters is the treatment of inventory costing, an area in which GAAP and IFRS differ. This study addresses three research questions: What is the past and current usage of different inventory costing methods?, How important is inventory on corporate financial reports?, and What will be the impact on corporate financial reporting, specifically regarding inventory costing, if IFRS replaces GAAP? Findings show that a change from GAAP to IFRS will have a major impact on inventory costing and, as a result, on corporate financial reporting overall.
Keywords: International Financial Reporting Standards, IFRS, inventory costing, GAAP
JEL Classification: M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation