Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-Income Countries, 2000-2009

49 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2012 Last revised: 27 Oct 2014

See all articles by Frank R. Lichtenberg

Frank R. Lichtenberg

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: July 2012

Abstract

I examine the impact of pharmaceutical innovation, as measured by the vintage (world launch year) of prescription drugs used, on longevity using longitudinal, country-level data on 30 developing and high-income countries during the period 2000-2009. I control for fixed country and year effects, real per capita income, the unemployment rate, mean years of schooling, the urbanization rate, real per capita health expenditure (public and private), the DPT immunization rate among children ages 12-23 months, HIV prevalence and tuberculosis incidence. The estimates indicate that life expectancy at all ages and survival rates above age 25 increased faster in countries with larger increases in drug vintage (measured in three different ways), ceteris paribus, and that the increase in life expectancy at birth due to the increase in the fraction of drugs consumed that were launched after 1990 was 1.27 years--73% of the actual increase in life expectancy at birth.

Suggested Citation

Lichtenberg, Frank R., Pharmaceutical Innovation and Longevity Growth in 30 Developing and High-Income Countries, 2000-2009 (July 2012). NBER Working Paper No. w18235, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2114861

Frank R. Lichtenberg (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

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