The Effects of Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD on Children's Health

52 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2012

See all articles by Søren Dalsgaard

Søren Dalsgaard

Aarhus University - National Centre for Register-Based Research

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Abstract

We are the first to investigate longer-term effects of pharmacological treatment of ADHD on children's health. We rely on a difference-in-differences strategy while exploiting Danish register-based panel data for children born in 1990-1999. We study effects of treatment initiated between ages five and ten and document that treated children benefit in terms of fewer hospital contacts in general, fewer emergency ward contacts, and fewer injuries. Estimated effects are large: early treatment is effective in reducing the probability of at least one hospital contact in a given year with around 30% compared to the mean. Effects are significantly smaller in later cohorts where more children are diagnosed and treated.

Keywords: ADHD, evaluation, health

JEL Classification: I1

Suggested Citation

Dalsgaard, Søren and Nielsen, Helena Skyt and Simonsen, Marianne, The Effects of Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD on Children's Health. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6714, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2114894

Søren Dalsgaard (Contact Author)

Aarhus University - National Centre for Register-Based Research

8000 Århus C, 8210
Denmark

Helena Skyt Nielsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business Economics ( email )

Fuglesangs Alle 4
Aarhus, 8210
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://person.au.dk/hnielsen@econ.au.dk

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

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