Effect of Quality Protein Maize on Growth and Body Weight Gain Performance of Rhode Island Red (RIR) Breed Chickens

The IUP Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. V, No. 4, pp. 46-53, November 2011

Posted: 23 Jul 2012

See all articles by Tekeba Eshetie

Tekeba Eshetie

Live Stock Research Center

Fisseha Moges

Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI)

Getnet Zeleke

Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI)

Date Written: July 23, 2012

Abstract

This experiment was conducted at Andassa Livestock Research Center (ALRC) to evaluate the growth performances of RIR starter and grower chicken fed a ration containing different levels of QPM and normal maize. The trial was carried out using completely randomized design for a period of 16 weeks. The results of both the starter and grower feeding phases revealed that there was significant difference ( P < 0.05) in body weight, daily weight gain and mortality rate of chicks between the control groups and those fed various levels of QPM in the ration. During the starter phase there was no significant difference ( P > 0.05) in final body weight among chicks fed different levels of QPM in the ration. Chicken fed a ration containing different levels of QPM (49-55% in the ration) showed significantly (P < 0.05) lower feed conversion ratio compared to chicken fed local maize. The lowest levels (49 and 51%) of QPM in the ration resulted in the highest mortality rate of chicks than the highest levels (53 and 55%) of QPM and the control diet. During the grower phase, chicken fed a ration containing different proportions of QPM (52-58%) showed the highest average final body weight and average daily weight gain than those fed a ration containing normal maize. On the other hand, chicken fed with a ration containing local maize were significantly higher in feed conversion ratio than those fed with different levels of QPM. The highest mortality rate was recorded only on chicks fed with a ration containing 54% QPM. Hence, it is recommended that inclusion of over 49 and 51% QPM in the ration of starter and grower chicks respectively was found to be promising in terms of body weight gain.

Keywords: intensive system, quality protein maize, Rhode Island Red (RIR) chicken

Suggested Citation

Eshetie, Tekeba and Moges, Fisseha and Zeleke, Getnet, Effect of Quality Protein Maize on Growth and Body Weight Gain Performance of Rhode Island Red (RIR) Breed Chickens (July 23, 2012). The IUP Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. V, No. 4, pp. 46-53, November 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2115361

Tekeba Eshetie (Contact Author)

Live Stock Research Center ( email )

Bahir Dar
Ethiopia

Fisseha Moges

Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI) ( email )

P. O. B: 527
Bahir Dar, 100
Ethiopia

Getnet Zeleke

Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI) ( email )

P. O. B: 527
Bahir Dar, 100
Ethiopia

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
347
PlumX Metrics