Hope, Fear and Aspirations

53 Pages Posted: 23 Jul 2012 Last revised: 10 May 2013

See all articles by Xue Dong He

Xue Dong He

The Chinese University of Hong Kong - Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management

Xun Yu Zhou

Columbia University - Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 1, 2013

Abstract

We propose a rank-dependent portfolio choice model in continuous time that captures the role in decision making of three emotions: hope, fear and aspirations. Hope and fear are modeled through an inverse-S shaped probability weighting function and aspirations through a probabilistic constraint. By employing the recently developed approach of quantile formulation, we solve the portfolio choice problem both thoroughly and analytically. These solutions motivate us to introduce a fear index, a hope index and a lottery-likeness index to quantify the impacts of three emotions, respectively, on investment behavior. We find that a sufficiently high level of fear endogenously necessitates portfolio insurance. On the other hand, hope is reflected in the agent's perspective on good states of the world: a higher level of hope causes the agent to include more scenarios under the notion of good states and leads to greater payoffs in sufficiently good states. Finally, an exceedingly high level of aspirations results in the construction of a lottery-type payoff, indicating that the agent needs to enter into a pure gamble in order to achieve his goal. We also conduct numerical experiments to demonstrate our findings.

Keywords: portfolio choice, continuous time, rank-dependent utility, probability weighting, SP/A theory, quantile formulation, portfolio insurance

JEL Classification: G11, C61

Suggested Citation

He, Xue Dong and Zhou, Xunyu, Hope, Fear and Aspirations (April 1, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2115659 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2115659

Xue Dong He (Contact Author)

The Chinese University of Hong Kong - Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management ( email )

505 William M.W. Mong Engineering Building
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T.
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/xuedonghepage/home

Xunyu Zhou

Columbia University - Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) ( email )

331 S.W. Mudd Building
500 West 120th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

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