Job Demands, Social Support, Work Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being Among Nurses in Spain

32 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2012

See all articles by Ronald John Burke

Ronald John Burke

York University

Scott Moodie

ESADE Business School

Simon L. Dolan

ESADE Business School

Lisa Fiksenbaum

York University

Date Written: July 5, 2012

Abstract

Background: Nursing has been described as a stressful occupation, with nursing staff reporting high levels of job dissatisfaction, job burnout and poor well-being in many countries. This research examined the relationship of job demands (work-family interference, emotional demands and work overload) and three sources of social support (supervisor. co-worker and spouse/partner, family and friends) with nurse well-being and work/organizational outcomes.

Method: Data were collected from 2104 nurses in Spain using anonymously completed questionnaires. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to evaluate nurse wellbeing and organizational outcomes according to personal demographics, work situation characteristics, job demands, and social support.

Results: Results showed that job demands had generally significant and negative relationships with nurse well-being as well as with several work/organizational outcomes. In addition, lack of social support, particularly from supervisors and co-workers, were associated with deteriorated nurse wellbeing and more unfavorable work/organizational outcomes.

Implications: This research replicates and extends previous findings obtained in various countries, including Spain. Given consistent findings across countries, the importance of both individual- and organizational-level interventions to improve nursing quality of work life is highlighted. Examples areas of effective interventions are illustrated and discussion of potential future interventions is offered.

Keywords: Nurses, Spain, Wellbeing, Outcomes, Demands, Social Support, Work characteristics, Health, Accident propensity

JEL Classification: I00, J28

Suggested Citation

Burke, Ronald John and Moodie, Scott and Dolan, Simon L. and Fiksenbaum, Lisa, Job Demands, Social Support, Work Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being Among Nurses in Spain (July 5, 2012). ESADE Business School Research Paper No. 233. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2117051 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2117051

Ronald John Burke

York University ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

Scott Moodie

ESADE Business School ( email )

Av. de Pedralbes, 60-62
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Simon L. Dolan (Contact Author)

ESADE Business School ( email )

Av. de Pedralbes 60-62
Barcelona, 08034
Spain
934952052 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.simondolan.com

Lisa Fiksenbaum

York University ( email )

4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

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