Long Run Energy Demand in Iran: A Scenario Analysis

International Journal of Energy Sector Management, 6, 1. 120-144, 2012

29 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2012 Last revised: 5 Oct 2013

See all articles by Saeed Moshiri

Saeed Moshiri

Saint Thomas More College University of Saskatcehwan

Farideh Atabi

Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Science and Research Branch, IAU

Mohammad Hassan Panjeshahi

University of Tehran

Stefan Lechtenboehmer

Science Centre North Rhine-Westphalia - Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment & Energy

Date Written: July 26, 2012

Abstract

Purpose: Iran as an energy-rich country faces many challenges in the optimal utilization of its vast resources. High rates of population and economic growth, a generous subsidies program, and poor resource management have contributed to rapidly growing energy consumption and high energy intensity over the past decades. The continuing trend of rising energy consumption will bring about new challenges as it will shrink oil export revenues restraining economic activities. This calls for a study to explore alternative scenarios for the utilization of energy resources in Iran. In this study, we model demand for energy in Iran and develop two business-as-usual and efficiency scenarios for the period 2005-2030.

Design/Methodology/Approach: We use a techno-economic or end-use approach to model energy demand in Iran for different types of energy uses and energy carriers in all sectors of the economy and forecast it under two scenarios: Business As Usual (BAU) and Efficiency.

Findings: Iran has a huge potential for energy savings. Specifically, under the efficiency scenario, Iran will be able to reduce its energy consumption 40 percent by 2030.The energy intensity can also be reduced by about 60 percent to a level lower than the world average today.

Implications: The energy savings under the efficiency scenario will generate significant additional revenues and will lead to a 45 percent reduction in CO2 equivalent emissions by 2030 as compared to the BAU trend.

Originality: This study is a comprehensive study that models the Iranian energy demand in different sectors of the economy using data at different aggregation levels and a techno-economic end-use approach to illuminate the future of energy demand under alternative scenarios.

Keywords: Scenario analysis, end-use, energy efficiency, Iran

JEL Classification: O13, O53, Q2, Q4

Suggested Citation

Moshiri, Saeed and Atabi, Farideh and Panjeshahi, Mohammad Hassan and Lechtenboehmer, Stefan, Long Run Energy Demand in Iran: A Scenario Analysis (July 26, 2012). International Journal of Energy Sector Management, 6, 1. 120-144, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2118144

Saeed Moshiri (Contact Author)

Saint Thomas More College University of Saskatcehwan ( email )

1437 College Dr
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 0W6
Canada

Farideh Atabi

Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Science and Research Branch, IAU ( email )

Islamic Azad University, Science and Research
Branch, Poonak Sq., Ashrafi Esfahani Blv.
Tehran, Tehran 1477893855
Iran
(+9821) 44865006 (Phone)
(+9821) 44865005 (Fax)

Mohammad Hassan Panjeshahi

University of Tehran ( email )

Enghelab Avenue
Tehran, Tehran 5433174616
Iran

Stefan Lechtenboehmer

Science Centre North Rhine-Westphalia - Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment & Energy ( email )

Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
34
Abstract Views
397
PlumX Metrics