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The Irony of Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC

22 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2012  

Caroline Mala Corbin

University of Miami School of Law

Date Written: July 26, 2012

Abstract

In Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC, a schoolteacher sued her employer for retaliating against her in violation of the American with Disabilities Act (ADA). The success of her ADA claim turned on whether the Supreme Court thought that she was a minister. If she was not a minister, she would have probably won. After all, the school stated in writing that a main reason for her termination was her threatened lawsuit. But because the Supreme Court decided that she was a minister, and that ministers may not sue their religious employers for discrimination under the ministerial exception, she lost. In fact, neither the Free Exercise Clause nor the Establishment Clause necessitated the ministerial exception. Under Employment Division v. Smith, neutral laws of general applicability do not violate the Free Exercise Clause, and no one disputes that the ADA is a neutral law of general applicability. In attempting to distinguish Smith, the Supreme Court not only created an incoherent free exercise jurisprudence but also ignored Jones v. Wolf, which explicitly rejected blanket deference to religious institutions in matters of internal governance. Jones further recognized that a deference approach may cause more establishment problems than a neutral principles of law approach. Indeed, the irony of the Hosanna-Tabor case is that trying to discern whether the schoolteacher was a minister entangled the Court in religious doctrine more than simply adjudicating her retaliation claim would have.

Keywords: ministerial exception, free exercise, establishment, church autonomy, religious liberty, employment discrimination, sex discrimination, race discrimination, disability discrimination, wage and hour, ministers, religion

Suggested Citation

Corbin, Caroline Mala, The Irony of Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC (July 26, 2012). Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 106, No. 2, p. 951, 2012. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2118167

Caroline Mala Corbin (Contact Author)

University of Miami School of Law ( email )

1311 Miller Drive
Coral Gables, FL 33146
United States

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