Cybercrime in Asia: Trends and Challenges

Asian Handbook of Criminology, J. Liu, B. Hebenton, eds., Springer, 2012

26 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2012

See all articles by Roderic Broadhurst

Roderic Broadhurst

Australian National University (ANU); ANU Cybercrime Observatory

Lennon Chang

Monash University

Date Written: February 2, 2012


The rapid growth in Internet use in Asia, including a tenfold or more increases in access in China, Indonesia and India since 2002 has also been accompanied by significant increases in cybercrime. The development of commercial-scale exploit toolkits and criminal networks that focus on monetization of malware have amplified the risks of cybercrime. The law-enforcement response in Asia is briefly reviewed in the context of the 2001 Council of Europe’s Cybercrime (Budapest) Convention. We describe the nature of cybercrime (including both ‘hate’ or content and ‘crime-ware’ such as botnets) and compare the laws and regulations in Asian states with the provisions of the Convention. The challenges faced in developing effective cross-national policing of cybercrime in Asia are also addressed as problems emerge around cloud computing, social media, wireless/smart phone applications and other innovations in digital technology.

Keywords: cybercrime, Budapest Convention, bot-nets, exploit toolkits, transnational crime

Suggested Citation

Broadhurst, Roderic and Chang, Lennon, Cybercrime in Asia: Trends and Challenges (February 2, 2012). Asian Handbook of Criminology, J. Liu, B. Hebenton, eds., Springer, 2012. Available at SSRN: or

Roderic Broadhurst (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601

ANU Cybercrime Observatory ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200

Lennon Chang

Monash University ( email )

Wellington Road
Victoria, Clayton 3800

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