Quantity or Quality? Collaboration Strategies in Research and Development and Incentives to Patent

39 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2012

See all articles by Hanna Hottenrott

Hanna Hottenrott

Technische Universität München (TUM)

Cindy Lopes-Bento

K.U.Leuven; ZEW

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

This study shows for a large sample of R&D-active manufacturing firms that collaborative R&D has a positive effect on firms’ patenting in terms of both quantity and quality. When distinguishing between alliances that aim at joint creation of new knowledge and alliances that aim at exchange of existing knowledge, the results suggest that the positive effect on patent quantity is driven by knowledge exchange rather than joint R&D. Firms engaged in joint R&D, on the other hand, receive more forward citations per patent indicating that joint R&D enhances patent quality. In light of literature on strategic patenting, our results further suggest that knowledge creation alliances lead to patents that are filed to protect valuable intellectual property, while exchange alliances drive ‘portfolio patenting’, resulting in fewer forward citations.

Keywords: R&D Collaboration, Knowledge Exchange, Patents, Innovation, Count Data Models

JEL Classification: O31, O32, O33, O34

Suggested Citation

Hottenrott, Hanna and Lopes-Bento, Cindy, Quantity or Quality? Collaboration Strategies in Research and Development and Incentives to Patent (2012). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 12-047. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2118511 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2118511

Hanna Hottenrott (Contact Author)

Technische Universität München (TUM) ( email )

Arcisstrasse 21
Munich, 80333
Germany

Cindy Lopes-Bento

K.U.Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

ZEW ( email )

P.O. Box 10 34 43
L 7,1
D-68034 Mannheim, 68034
Germany

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