A Cross-Cohort Changepoint Model for Customer-Base Analysis
63 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2012 Last revised: 7 Sep 2016
Date Written: August 1, 2016
We introduce a new methodology that can capture and explain differences across a series of cohorts of new customers in a repeat-transaction setting. More specifically, this new framework, which we call a vector changepoint model, exploits the underlying regime structure in a sequence of acquired customer cohorts to make predictive statements about new cohorts for which the firm has little or no longitudinal transaction data. To accomplish this, we develop our model within a Hierarchical Bayesian framework to uncover evidence of (latent) regime changes for each cohort-level parameter separately, while disentangling cross-cohort changes from calendar-time changes. Calibrating the model using multi-cohort donation data from a non-profit organization, we find that holdout predictions for new cohorts using this model have greater accuracy – and greater diagnostic value – compared to a variety of strong benchmarks. Our modeling approach also highlights the perils of pooling data across cohorts without accounting for cross-cohort shifts, thus enabling managers to quantify their uncertainty about potential regime changes and avoid “old data” aggregation bias.
Keywords: Changepoint, Cross-Cohort, Hierarchical Bayesian, Forecasting, Customer-Base Analysis, Customer Lifetime Value, Reversible-Jump MCMC
JEL Classification: C11, C53, M31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation