Physician Speech and Mandatory Ultrasound Laws: The First Amendment’s Limit on Compelled Ideological Speech
Jennifer M. Keighley
Yale Law School
July 29, 2012
Since Planned Parenthood v. Casey opened the door to more pervasive forms of regulation of the abortion procedure, states have increasingly used their regulatory power to coerce physician speech. The Supreme Court has not yet explained, however, whether and how physicians’ First Amendment rights limit such attempts to coerce state-mandated speech. This Article argues that while the precise contours of physicians’ First Amendment rights have yet to be articulated, physicians certainly retain the core First Amendment right to refuse to speak the state’s ideological messages. I then evaluate whether mandatory ultrasound laws, which require a physician to perform an ultrasound exam and to then display and describe its results to any woman seeking an abortion, impermissibly require physicians to engage in the state’s ideological advocacy. Analyzing the mandatory ultrasound law in Texas, I conclude that the law commandeers physicians into spreading, in their own voice, the state’s value-laden message that pregnancies should be carried to term, and that the law consequently should be subject to strict scrutiny.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: First Amendment, reproductive rights
Date posted: July 30, 2012 ; Last revised: August 25, 2012