Federation/Confederation (Encylcopedia Entry)
Encyclopedia of Political Science, CQ Press: 2007
Forthcoming in the International Encyclopedia of Political Science
4 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2013
Date Written: July 30, 2007
This entry contrasts two forms of organizing political authority: federation and confederation. The two are distinguished as follows. A confederation is a union of equal, sovereign states (each recognized by the international community) that have formed, for limited general purposes, a common government. By contrast, a federation consists of a system of divided powers where a central government and territorial units (known variously as provinces, regions states or cantons) each have different policy responsibilities.
Keywords: federation, confederarion, separation of powers
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