An Interdisciplinary Approach to Human-Robotic Cooperation in Mars Exploration

10 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2012

See all articles by Dag Evensberget

Dag Evensberget

International Space University

Christopher Brunskill

International Space University

Christopher Johnson

Secure World Foundation; Georgetown University Law Centre; International Space University

Mark McCrum

International Space University

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University

Bernd Weiss

International Space University

Katarina Eriksson

International Space University

Reinhold Ewald

International Space University

Date Written: October 6, 2011

Abstract

The recent past has seen robots develop into autonomous artificial agents capable of executing complex tasks. In the near future, robots will likely develop the ability to adapt and learn from their surroundings. Robots have self-reliance, accuracy, and can operate in hostile environments - all attributes well suited for space exploration. Robots also reduce mission costs, increase design flexibility, and maximize data production. On the other hand, when faced with new scenarios and unexpected events, robots pale in comparison with their intuitive and creative human counterparts. The future of space exploration will have to intelligently balance the flexibility and ingenuity of humans with robust and sophisticated robotic systems. The Cooperation of Humans And Robots for Mars (CHARM) team at the 2011 Space Studies Program of the International Space University integrated international, intercultural, and interdisciplinary perspectives to investigate Mars exploration objectives, robotic capabilities, and the interaction between humans and robots. Based on the goals of various space agencies, this paper selects an exploration objective for the time frame between 2015 and 2035, and drafts different scenarios to accomplish this objective. Each scenario uses different degrees of human-robot interaction. A theoretical model is then developed based on discrete requirements to help create an effective combination of human and robots to achieve the mission objective. This model is used to select the most appropriate of the proposed mission scenarios. The CHARM model uses an interdisciplinary approach, including technical, societal, political, financial, and scientific perspectives. The CHARM team believes that this decision-making model can be used to select missions more efficiently and rationally, thus enabling greater feasibility to space missions.

Keywords: Model, International Space University, Space Studies Program, Human Robot Cooperation, Mars

Suggested Citation

Evensberget, Dag and Brunskill, Christopher and Johnson, Christopher and McCrum, Mark and Osborne, Jeffrey and Weiss, Bernd and Eriksson, Katarina and Ewald, Reinhold, An Interdisciplinary Approach to Human-Robotic Cooperation in Mars Exploration (October 6, 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2120254 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2120254

Dag Evensberget

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Brunskill

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Christopher Johnson (Contact Author)

Secure World Foundation ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Georgetown University Law Centre ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/christopher-d-johnson/

International Space University ( email )

1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-568-6214 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.swfound.org/

Mark McCrum

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Jeffrey Osborne

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Bernd Weiss

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Katarina Eriksson

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

Reinhold Ewald

International Space University ( email )

Parc d'Innovation
Ilkirch-Graffenstaden, Bas-Rhine 67400
France

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