India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme as It Is — Interpreting the Official Report

13 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2012 Last revised: 6 Feb 2013

See all articles by Raghbendra Jha

Raghbendra Jha

Australian National University (ANU) - Australia South Asia Research Centre (ASARC); Crawford School of Public Policy

Raghav Gaiha

University of Delhi - Department of Economics; Australian National University (ANU)

Date Written: February 4, 2013

Abstract

Using official data this paper evaluates India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) according to the following criteria: a) average number of days of employment per household; b) percentage of households completing 100 days of employment under NREGS; c) percentage of expenditure against total available funds; and d) percentage of work completed. Performance across the first two criteria has been disappointing and has deteriorated over time. Percentage of expenditure against total available funds has risen sharply, particularly since 2010–11 and has been consistently higher than work completed as a percentage of work planned. Further, the two trends have begun to diverge since 2010–11. It is difficult to escape the conclusion that the NREGS has not performed well. The paper makes a number of policy suggestions to improve the performance of the NREGS.

Keywords: India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Program

JEL Classification: D02, D61, H53, J21

Suggested Citation

Jha, Raghbendra and Gaiha, Raghav, India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme as It Is — Interpreting the Official Report (February 4, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2120299 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2120299

Raghbendra Jha (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - Australia South Asia Research Centre (ASARC) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia
+61 2 6125 2683 (Phone)
+61 2 6125 0443 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://crawford.anu.edu.au/crawford_people/content/staff/acde/rjha.php

Crawford School of Public Policy

ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
J.G. Crawford Building, #132, Lennox Crossing
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

Raghav Gaiha

University of Delhi - Department of Economics ( email )

Delhi-110007
India

Australian National University (ANU) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

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