Transnational and Organized Crime in Oceania
Transnational Crime in Oceania, in TRANSNATIONAL CRIME, Jay Albanese, Paul Reichel, eds., Sage, NY
19 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2012
Date Written: August 1, 2012
Oceania has a relatively low level of crime prevalence yet in the smaller and under-developed PICs we have shown that transnational crime has become increasingly common. A risk contained but potentially dangerous if state failure or fragility undermines law enforcement capacities. We predict that as the pace of globalization quickens and the demand for raw materials and resources grows some parts of the Pacific will be prone to criminal enterprises run by both indigenous and foreign crime groups. Australia and New Zealand will remain attractors of illicit goods notably ATS but will in turn be source countries for diminishing fish stock such as beche de mere and abalone as well forest timber. Finally the role of states such as Australia and New Zealand in helping to maintain law enforcement capacities throughout the region will be crucial if organized crime in Oceania is to be kept in check while demand for illicit resources grow.
Keywords: organized crime, oceania, Pacific Island Countries, crime and development
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