Change and Continuity in the International Intellectual Property System: A Turbulent Decade in Perspective
The WIPO Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 1, pp. 36-55, 2011
21 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2012
Date Written: November 30, 2011
The international intellectual property system has witnessed a ‘turbulent’ decade. In the span of a few years, it has been confronted with a series of major challenges. This article focuses on the two most important set of challenges from the perspective of developing countries and civil society, namely the relationship between the international intellectual property system and public policy objectives in the areas of health, biodiversity and climate change and the manner in which the system has addressed public interest demands and development concerns.
In examining the responses by the international intellectual property system to these challenges, the article seeks to answer two pressing questions which have become the ‘elephant in the room’ of the global intellectual property policy debate: to what extent has the international intellectual property system changed? Have efforts to achieve a more balanced and development oriented intellectual property system borne their fruits and thus the page should be turned on the mobilization around these issues that characterized the past decade?
The article seeks to identify changes at four different levels: policy discourse, normative landscape, technical solutions and outcomes.
Keywords: International Intellectual Property, Reform, Developing Countries, Development, Public Policy, WIPO Development Agenda, Public Health, Climate Change, Biodiversity
JEL Classification: O34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation