Public Perceptions of Traumatic Events and Policy Preferences During the George W. Bush Administration: A Portrait of America in Turbulent Times

Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33:133-169, 2010

37 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2012

See all articles by George E. Shambaugh

George E. Shambaugh

Georgetown University - Department of Government; Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)

Richard A. Matthew

University of California, Irvine - School of Social Ecology

Bryan McDonald

University of California, Irvine

Date Written: January 1, 2010

Abstract

The American policy landscape during the George W. Bush administration was shaped by a series of traumatic events that confronted the nation and people of the United States. These included the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in 2001, the anthrax attacks in the fall of 2001, military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq, Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the threat of a flu pandemic in 2005 and 2006, the 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports, and the financial collapse of 2008. The results of the 2008 presidential election appear to be a rejection of the Bush administration’s major policy responses to these events, but the variation in type and level of public support among different groups suggests a much more varied and dynamic portrait of America in turbulent times. Using a multiyear panel survey, an interdisciplinary team of political scientists and psychologists analyzed the behavior and political responses to the events by the American public. The findings suggest that even seven years after the events of 11 September 2001, people with higher levels of post-traumatic stress symptomatology related to 9/11 have significantly different interpretations of the threat of terrorism and the appropriate policy responses to it than do others. Perceptions of threat, the political salience of terrorism and other traumatic events, the level of support for political leaders and assessments of the government’s actions vary over time and across different groups within society based on the psychological, political and social, and personal characteristics of the respondent. These results help to open the black box of aggregate public opinion by providing a detailed portrait of how psychological, social, political, and personal factors affected perceptions and political behavior during the George W. Bush administration.

Keywords: terrorism, counter-terrorism, Bush, United States, public opinion, Iraq, Afghanistan, Katrina, climate change

Suggested Citation

Shambaugh, George E. and Matthew, Richard A. and McDonald, Bryan, Public Perceptions of Traumatic Events and Policy Preferences During the George W. Bush Administration: A Portrait of America in Turbulent Times (January 1, 2010). Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33:133-169, 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2123559

George E. Shambaugh (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - Department of Government ( email )

680 Intercultural Center
Washington, DC 20057-1034
United States
202-687-2979 (Phone)
202-687-5858 (Fax)

Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS) ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States
202-687-2979 (Phone)

Richard A. Matthew

University of California, Irvine - School of Social Ecology ( email )

226B Social Ecology 1
Irvine, CA 92697
United States

Bryan McDonald

University of California, Irvine ( email )

Campus Drive
Irvine, CA 62697-3125
United States

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