Nurture or Nature: Interplay between the Individual and the Institution within the Commercialisation Practices of Australian Universities
ACERE-Diana Conference 31 January to 3 February Fremantle WA
14 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2012
Date Written: February 1, 2012
Universities play a key role in the national innovation system as generators and disseminators of intellectual property (IP) (Porter 2001; Lundvall 2007). Australia's 38 universities have become active players in the globally competitive field of commercialisation (Harman 2004). While the research performance of Australia's higher education institutions over the past decade has been good their performance in commercialisation has been mixed (Ville 2006). Through technology transfer and spin-outs the modern university has now embraced commercialisation as one of its core functions (Raizel 2004). This paper examines the nature of academic entrepreneurship and the interplay between the individual researcher and the institution in which they work. Although there has been a growing body of research into technology entrepreneurship (Gans 2003), there is a gap in the literature relating to academic entrepreneurship.
Keywords: universities, commercialisation, entrepreneurship, Australia
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