Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment: Determinants and Inter-Relationships

23 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2012

See all articles by Oana Luca

Oana Luca

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Nicola Spatafora

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: May 2012

Abstract

We examine determinants of, and interactions between, capital inflows, financial development, and domestic investment in developing countries during 2001-07, a period of surging global liquidity and low interest rates. Reductions in the global price of risk and in domestic borrowing costs were the main contributors to the increase over time in net capital inflows and domestic credit. However, the large cross-country differences in domestic and international finance are best explained by fundamentals such as institutional quality, access to international export markets, and an appropriate macroeconomic policy. Both private capital inflows and domestic credit exert a positive effect on investment; they also mediate most of the investment impact of the global price of risk and domestic borrowing costs. Surprisingly, neither greater domestic credit nor greater institutional quality increase the extent to which capital inflows translate into domestic investment.

Keywords: Capital Flows, Financial Development, Developing Countries, Capital Inflows, Credit Expansion, Domestic Investment, Economic Growth, Economic Models

JEL Classification: F21, F32

Suggested Citation

Luca, Oana and Spatafora, Nikola, Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment: Determinants and Inter-Relationships (May 2012). IMF Working Paper No. 12/120. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2127015

Oana Luca (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Nikola Spatafora

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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