Credit Growth and the Effectiveness of Reserve Requirements and Other Macroprudential Instruments in Latin America
30 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2012
Date Written: June 2012
Over the past decade policy makers in Latin America have adopted a number of macroprudential instruments to manage the procyclicality of bank credit dynamics to the private sector and contain systemic risk. Reserve requirements, in particular, have been actively employed. Despite their widespread use, little is known about their effectiveness and how they interact with monetary policy. In this paper, we examine the role of reserve requirements and other macroprudential instruments and report new cross-country evidence on how they influence real private bank credit growth. Our results show that these instruments have a moderate and transitory effect and play a complementary role to monetary policy.
Keywords: Reserve Requirements, Counter Cyclical Policy, Credit, Monetary Transmission Mechanism, Interest Rate Spreads, Banking Systems, Central Bank Policy, Credit Expansion, Latin America, Macroprudential Policy
JEL Classification: E58, G21, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation