Local Governments' Fiscal Balance, Privatization, and Banking Sector Reform in Transition Countries

29 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2012

See all articles by Ernesto Crivelli

Ernesto Crivelli

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: June 2012

Abstract

Several transition economies have undertaken fiscal decentralization reforms over the past two decades along with liberalization, privatization, and stabilization reforms. Theory predicts that decentralization may aggravate fiscal imbalances, unless the right incentives are in place to promote fiscal discipline. This paper uses a panel of 20 transition countries over 19 years to address a central question of fact: Did privatization help to promote local governments’ fiscal discipline? The answer is clearly ‘no’ for privatization considered in isolation. However, privatization and subnational fiscal autonomy along with reforms to the banking system - restraining access to soft financing - may prove effective at improving fiscal balances among local governments.

Keywords: Fiscal Decentralization, Privatization, Soft Budget Constraints, Transition, Bank Reforms, Banking Sector, Fiscal Reforms, Transition Economies

JEL Classification: L33, H74, H77

Suggested Citation

Crivelli, Ernesto, Local Governments' Fiscal Balance, Privatization, and Banking Sector Reform in Transition Countries (June 2012). IMF Working Paper No. 12/146, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2127038

Ernesto Crivelli (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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