How Institutions Shape the Distributive Impact of Macroeconomic Shocks: A DSGE Analysis
51 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2012
Date Written: July 1, 2012
This paper examines how the the distributive impact of macroeconomic shocks is shaped by selected institutions. It uses a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) framework with heterogeneous agents and an endogenous collateral constraint. The model is based on the “credit view” of business cycles, where shocks affect the real economy also via their impact on the borrowing capacity of economic agents. In this framework a positive shock to credit spreads, as seen in the recent crisis, redistributes from capital to labour as well as from from equity to bond holders. In contrast, both productivity and inflation shocks redistribute towards capital or equity holders. Distributive impacts are shown to be shaped by institutions. More sophisticated financial markets are found to amplify the redistributive impact of shocks, whereas more flexible wages, a more elastic labour supply, and a more reactive central bank are found to dampen it.
Keywords: DSGE, heterogeneous agents, credit frictions, shocks, income distribution, institutions
JEL Classification: D31, D58, E21, E44
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