Fiscal Transparency, Fiscal Performance and Credit Ratings
34 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2012
Date Written: June 2012
This paper investigates the effect of fiscal transparency on market assessments of sovereign risk, as measured by credit ratings. It measures this effect through a direct channel (uncertainty reduction) and an indirect channel (better fiscal policies and outcomes), and it differentiates between advanced and developing economies. Fiscal transparency is measured by an index based on the IMF's Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs). We find that fiscal transparency has a positive and significant effect on ratings, but it works through different channels in advanced and developing economies. In advanced economies the indirect effect of transparency through better fiscal outcomes is more significant whereas for developing economies the direct uncertainty-reducing effect is more relevant. Our results suggest that a one standard deviation improvement in fiscal transparency index is associated with a significant increase in credit ratings: by 0.7 and 1 notches in advanced and developing economies respectively.
Keywords: Fiscal Transparency, Sovereign Credit Ratings, Developed Countries, Developing Countries, Consumption, fiscal transparency, fiscal performance, public debt, budget process, budget documents, fiscal outcomes, fiscal policies, fiscal discipline, budget institutions, budget activities, budgetary institutions, budget execution, fiscal balance, fiscal institutions, fiscal risks, budget preparation, fiscal indicators, fiscal balances, budget proposal, contingent liabilities, primary fiscal balance, fiscal variables, budget projections, budget reporting, public finances, government finance statistics, budgetary operations, government finance, fiscal policy, budget transparency, budget formulation,
JEL Classification: H60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation