A System for Interactive Assessment and Management in Palliative Care
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Vol. 33, No. 6, June 2007
11 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2012 Last revised: 28 Sep 2013
Date Written: September 16, 2006
The availability of psychometrically sound and clinically relevant screening, diagnosis, and outcome evaluation tools is essential to high-quality palliative care assessment and management. Such data will enable us to improve patient evaluations, prognoses, and treatment selections, and to increase patient satisfaction and quality of life. To accomplish these goals, medical care needs more precise, efficient, and comprehensive tools for data acquisition, analysis, interpretation, and management. We describe a system for interactive assessment and management in palliative care (SIAM-PC), which is patient centered, model driven, database derived, evidence based, and technology assisted. The SIAM-PC is designed to reliably measure the multiple dimensions of patients’ needs for palliative care, and then to provide information to clinicians, patients, and the patients’ families to achieve optimal patient care, while improving our capacity for doing palliative care research. This system is innovative in its application of the state-of-the-science approaches, such as item response theory and computerized adaptive testing, to many of the significant clinical problems related to palliative care.
Keywords: Assessment, computerized adaptive testing, electronic medical records, informatics, item response theory, management, palliative care, psychometrics, practice guidelines, statistical modeling, symptom, respondent’s burden
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