Tangible Long-Lived Asset Impairments and Future Operating Cash Flows under US GAAP and IFRS
55 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2012 Last revised: 26 Apr 2017
Date Written: December 16, 2016
This paper investigates the predictive value of tangible long-lived asset impairments for changes in future operating cash flows under US GAAP and IFRS. We find that impairments reported under IFRS are negatively associated with changes in future operating cash flows whereas those under US GAAP, on average, are not. We investigate whether differences in the predictive value are attributable to differences in recognition or measurement, providing evidence suggesting impairment recognition under US GAAP is delayed. Evidence also suggests that the value-in-use measurement attribute, allowed under IFRS, does not induce underimpairing as IFRS and US GAAP impairments are similarly related to future impairments. The main result of a negative association under IFRS but not US GAAP holds after considering future impairments to control for measurement differences, macro-economic factors, and firm reporting incentives. Further, impairment losses under IFRS are more predictive in high enforcement countries.
Keywords: IFRS, US GAAP, Impairment, Write-off, Enforcement
JEL Classification: D78, F02, M16, M41, G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation