'So Closely Intertwined': Labor and Racial Solidarity

91 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2012 Last revised: 7 Feb 2013

See all articles by Charlotte Garden

Charlotte Garden

Seattle University School of Law

Nancy Leong

University of Denver Sturm College of Law

Date Written: 2013


Conventional wisdom tells us that labor unions and people of color are adversaries. Commentators, academics, politicians, and employers across a broad range of ideologies view the two groups’ interests as fundamentally opposed and their relationship as rightfully fraught with tension. For example, commentators assert that unions capture a wage premium that mostly benefits white workers while making it harder for workers of color to find work; that unions deprive workers of color of an effective voice in the workplace; and that unions are interested in workers of color only to the extent that they can showcase them to manufacture the appearance of racial diversity.

Like much conventional wisdom, the narrative that unions and people of color are rivals is flawed. In reality, labor unions and civil rights groups work together to advance a wide array of mutual interests; this work ranges from lobbying all levels of government to protesting working conditions across the country. Moreover, unions improve the lives of both members and non-members of color, from bargaining for better wages and working conditions to providing services like job training and continuing education to under-resourced communities.

Accordingly, we aim to replace the conventional wisdom with a narrative that more accurately describes the occasionally complicated but ultimately hopeful relationship between labor and race. In developing this narrative, we anchor our conclusions in an interdisciplinary literature that includes insights from legal, economic, psychological and sociological scholarly research. This extensive body of scholarship indicates that union membership has significant benefits for workers of color in the form of higher wages and improved benefits, more racially congenial workplaces, and deeper cross-racial understanding. We complement this robust scholarly literature with real-world examples of union success at improving the well-being of workers and communities of color. In contrast to many other commentators, then, our account is largely optimistic, though we emphasize that there is still work for the labor movement to do.

Keywords: labor, employment, unions, race, racism, discrimination, coalition, social movements, solidarity

Suggested Citation

Garden, Charlotte and Leong, Nancy, 'So Closely Intertwined': Labor and Racial Solidarity (2013). 81 George Washington Law Review, 2013, Forthcoming, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-39, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 13-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2128136 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2128136

Charlotte Garden

Seattle University School of Law ( email )

901 12th Avenue, Sullivan Hall
P.O. Box 222000
Seattle, WA 98122-1090
United States

Nancy Leong (Contact Author)

University of Denver Sturm College of Law ( email )

2255 E. Evans. Ave.
# 465A
Denver, CO 80208-0600
United States

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