Generation Y Preferences for Wine: An Exploratory Study of the US Market Applying the Best-Worst Scaling
British Food Journal, Vol. 114, No. 4, pp. 516-528, 2012
Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Date Written: 2012
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore differences in wine preferences between Generation Y and older cohorts in the USA.
Design/methodology/approach – A total of 260 US consumers participated in a web-based survey that took place in April 2010. The best-worst scaling method was applied measuring the level of importance given by participants to a list of most common attributes used in choice of wine. Independent sample t-tests were applied to compare the best-worst scores between Generation Y and older cohorts.
Findings – Differences were found in the level of importance that Generation Y gives to wine attributes in comparison to older cohorts. Generation Y was found to attach more importance to attributes such as “Someone recommended it”, “Attractive front label” and “Promotional display in-store”, whereas older cohorts gave more importance to attributes such as “I read about it” and “Grape variety”. This suggests that Generation Y preferences for wine are driven by marketing added-value activities such as promotions and labelling, whereas limited importance is given to information about wine, reflecting lack of subjective knowledge, experience and involvement about wine.
Research limitations/implications – This research adds to generation-based research in wine marketing and contributes towards a better understanding of the differences between generation cohorts in relation to their preferences towards wines.
Originality/value – This study is among the first to compare wine preferences of Generation Y with older cohorts using the best-worst scaling method.
Keywords: Wines, Generation Y, United States of America, Best-worst scaling
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