نحو تعريف واحد للنزاع المسلح في القانون الدولي الإنساني :رؤية نقدية للنزاع المسلح (Towards a Single Definition of Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law: A Critique of Internationalized Armed Conflict)

مقال، المجلة الدولية للصليب الأحمر، العدد 850، بقلم جيمس ج. ستيوارت

33 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2012 Last revised: 14 Nov 2012

James G. Stewart

University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law

Date Written: June 30, 2003

Abstract

The English version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1946414

يحيي هذا المقال الدعوة إلى قانون واحد للنزاع المسلح، وذلك بإظهار إخفاق النظام القانوني الحالي في معالجة المنازعات التي تضم عناصر دولية وغير دولية، وتحديداً المنازعات المسلحة المُدولة. وبينما لا يحاول المقال رسم خريطة شاملة لمضمون قانون واحد ينطبق على جميع أنواع المنازعات المسلحة، فإنه يرسم حدود نظام موحد قد تفسر بشكل أفضل تعقيدات الحروب المُدَوَلة.

The strict division of international humanitarian law into rules applicable in international armed conflict and those relevant to armed conflicts not of an international nature is almost universally criticized. Even though attempts to abandon the distinction were made at every stage of negotiation of the Geneva Conventions and their Protocols, calls for a single body of international humanitarian law have since died out. This article revives those calls by highlighting the inadequacies of the current dichotomy’s treatment of internationalized armed conflicts, namely, armed conflicts that involve internal and international elements.

It concludes that the law developed to determine this “internationalization” has created convoluted tests that in practice are near impossible to apply. Even once internationalized, it is difficult to determine the applicable law as relationships and military presences change. Moreover, the international/non-international dichotomy in international humanitarian law has proved susceptible to incredible political manipulation, often at the expense of humanitarian protection. Further considerations of substantive aspects of a single law of armed conflict will be essential in the development of greater humanitarian protection during internationalized armed conflict.

Notes: Downloadable document is in Arabic.

Keywords: الصراعات المسلحة، والقانون الإنساني الدولي والقانون الدولي

Suggested Citation

Stewart, James G., نحو تعريف واحد للنزاع المسلح في القانون الدولي الإنساني :رؤية نقدية للنزاع المسلح (Towards a Single Definition of Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law: A Critique of Internationalized Armed Conflict) (June 30, 2003). مقال، المجلة الدولية للصليب الأحمر، العدد 850، بقلم جيمس ج. ستيوارت . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2130799

James G. Stewart (Contact Author)

University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law ( email )

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