Information Asymmetry, Information Attributes and Industry Sector Returns
35 Pages Posted: 18 Aug 2012 Last revised: 11 Jul 2013
Date Written: March 24, 2013
We examine whether the probability of informed trading (‘PIN’) is a determinant of stock returns in Australia, an alternative market with considerably different information attributes to the U.S. Uniquely, we contrast PIN’s price effect for the country’s historically dichotomous sectors, resources and industrials. Using data for the period from 1996 to 2010, we find a significantly positive relationship between PIN and expected returns among industrials sector stocks, providing evidence in support of Easley and O’Hara (2004). We observe no PIN premium among resources sector stocks and among those with no record of operating revenues, both notable for their speculative nature and uncertainty about true asset values. Our results are consistent with previous empirical evidence that documents strong investor behavioural biases in valuing extremely uncertain stocks or hard-to-value stocks (Kumar, 2009). Our findings shed light on the existing mixed evidence that a strong PIN premium exists in NYSE and AMEX but not in NASDAQ where high-tech stocks are prevalent, and suggest that caution is needed when applying PIN in the pricing of highly speculative stocks.
Keywords: Informed Trade, PIN, Information Asymmetry, Information Risk
JEL Classification: G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation