Bus Rapid Transit System: A Milestone for Sustainable Transport: A Case Study of Janmarg BRTs, Ahmedabad, India
18 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2012
Date Written: August 19, 2012
A sustainable transport system should provide mobility and accessibility to every urban neighbourhood in a safe, sound and environment-friendly way of transport. There is increase in the use of personal transport in the urban area. The rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles has resulted in severe traffic congestion and air pollution in many cities of the country.
One of the most important technical innovations in the transportation field has nothing to do with vehicle technology or alternative fuels. Rather, they involve the way bus services are operated and infrastructure is used to optimize their speed, comfort, and capacity. The U.S. Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has helped to popularize a term for such measures: Bus Rapid Transit, or BRT.
Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a term applied to a variety of public transportation systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. The goal of these systems is to approach the service quality of rail transit while still enjoying the cost savings and flexibility of bus transit.
Ahmadabad has become the first city in South Asia to receive award for sustainable transport system. It has bagged for successful implementation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system. This Paper examines the impact of BRT System on Ahmadabad’s transport sector and the changes that can be brought about by introduction of BRT System in other cities. BRTS Ahmadabad has improved access for local riders and advanced public transportation systems while reducing the environmental impacts of transportation. Moving people quickly, at a low cost, with reduced greenhouse gases and air pollutants helps cities grappling with rapid growth, congestion and environmental concerns.
Keywords: Bus Rapid Transit, Janmarg, Sustainable Transport, Advanced Public Transportation Systems
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