An Analysis of the Australian Foreign Exchange Market Response to Monetary Policy Announcements and Explanatory Minute Releases
28 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2012 Last revised: 12 Sep 2013
Date Written: August 20, 2012
In US and European jurisdictions, monetary policy announcements that set a target interest rate for overnight loans are followed promptly by projections materials or statements that explain the deliberation process. In Australia however, these releases are made separately with the announcement of the monthly target interbank cash rate for overnight loans being provided two weeks before the release of the minutes of the Reserve Bank board meeting that explicate the rate outcome. This study exploits this unique feature of the Australian monetary policy environment in order to examine the differential impact of monetary policy announcements and explanatory minute releases on the Australian foreign exchange market.
Our results indicate that unexpected monetary policy announcements and explanatory minute releases have a significant impact on the Australian foreign exchange market. When this impact is differentiated, the informational content of an explanatory minutes release is shown to elicit a larger response. Further, conditioning on the state of the economy shows that returns following unexpected monetary policy announcements (explanatory minute releases) intensify (wane) during the Global Financial Crisis and are influenced by sentiment.
Keywords: Monetary policy, Foreign Exchange Market, Global Financial Crisis, Sentiment
JEL Classification: E52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation