Transport-Related Co2 Effects of Online and Brick-and-Mortar Shopping: A Comparison and Sensitivity Analysis of Clothing Retailing
Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 473–477, 2012
Posted: 22 Aug 2012
Date Written: 2012
This paper compares transport-related CO2 emissions of online and brick-and-mortar shopping based on supply, delivery, order and travel data related to one multi-channel clothing retailer. A sensitivity analysis sheds more light on how situational factors, such as the customers’ travel distances, returns, the use of public transport modes and information behavior via different channels influence the outcome of this comparison. The results show that online retailing causes lower CO2 emissions under many conditions. Nevertheless, the brick-and-mortar channel is more environmentally friendly when travel distances are small. The radius for which brick-and-mortar shopping has an advantage increases when returns, shifts in the use of public transport and information behavior are also considered.
Keywords: Multi-channel retailing, Sustainable shopping, Clothing retailing, Parcel delivery
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation